Viswanathan Anand

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– Champions du monde
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Viswanathan Anand

anand


Surnom(s) Vishy
Naissance 11 décembre 1969 (41 ans)
Chennai, Inde
Nationalité Drapeau : Inde Inde
Profession Joueur d’échecs
Distinctions Champion du monde d’échecs

Viswanathan Anand, dit « Vishy Anand », né le 11 décembre 1969 à Chennai en Inde, est un joueur d’échecs indien. Réputé pour sa vitesse de réflexion, il devient champion du monde FIDE en décembre 2000 après deux finales perdues, en 1995 contre Garry Kasparov, et en 1998 contre Anatoli Karpov. Il perdit son titre lors du championnat du monde FIDE 2001-2002.

Depuis le 29 septembre 2007, Viswanathan Anand est de nouveau champion du monde d’échecs (titre unifié) et a défendu deux fois son titre avec succès, en battant Kramnik en octobre 2008, puis Topalov en avril–mai 2010. Au 1er mars 2011, il est numéro 1 mondial avec un classement Elo de 2 817 points. En 2013, il perd son titre face à Magnus Carlsen, mais obtient le droit à une revanche en remportant le tournoi des candidats qui suivra.

Sommaire

Carrière aux échecs

L’ascension d’Anand dans le monde indien des échecs a été rapide. Le succès national est venu tôt pour lui puisqu’il a remporté à l’âge de 14 ans, en 1983, le championnat d’échecs cadets (moins de seize ans) national avec un score de 9/9 et le championnat national d’échecs juniors (moins de 19 ans) la même année. L’année suivante, en 1984, il devient le plus jeune Indien à gagner le titre de maître international, à l’âge de 15 ans. À 16 ans, en 1986, après deux tentatives infructueuses, il devient champion national et gagne par la suite ce titre deux fois de plus. En 1984, il est sélectionné au quatrième échiquier de l’équipe d’Inde qui participe aux olympiades internationales d’échecs, puis dès 1986, il en occupe le premier échiquier.

Anand joue ses parties à cadence beaucoup plus rapide que la moyenne, d’où son surnom « the blitz kid », « le gosse-éclair », les « échecs rapides » étant connus dans le monde sous le terme allemand de blitz. À 18 ans, en 1987, à sa quatrième tentative, il devient le premier Indien à gagner le Championnat du monde d’échecs junior. La même année, il est le premier grand maître international de l’Inde.

En 1989, Anand remporta le tournoi de Wijk aan Zee, remportant ainsi son premier grand tournoi international.

echecs_anand

Premiers matchs pour le championnat du monde (1990-1999)

« Vishy », comme il est parfois appelé, gravit les échelons de la scène échiquéenne au début des années 1990, gagnant des tournois prestigieux comme celui de Reggio Emilia 1991-1992 (devant Garry Kasparov et Anatoli Karpov). Cette même année, il devient lors du tournoi de Tilburg (catégorie 17), le deuxième joueur de l’histoire (après Ivantchouk) à battre dans une même compétition les deux incontestables meilleurs joueurs du moment. Jouer à un tel niveau ne le ralentit pas, et il continue à jouer très rapidement ses parties.

speedy_gonzales

En 1994-1995, Anand se qualifie pour le championnat du monde d’échecs classique (PCA) en gagnant les matchs de candidats contre Oleg Romanichine, Michael Adams et Gata Kamsky. En 1995, il dispute la finale contre Kasparov au World Trade Center de New York. Après une succession de huit parties nulles (un record pour l’ouverture d’un match de championnat du monde), Anand gagne la neuvième partie, mais perd alors quatre des cinq parties suivantes. Finalement, il perd le match sur le score de 10,5 à 7,5.

En 1997-1998, Anand a disputé le championnat du monde de la Fédération internationale des échecs (FIDE). Après avoir remporté le tournoi éliminatoire de Groningue, il est battu à Lausanne par Karpov.

Victoires dans les grands tournois internationaux

Anand s’est vu attribuer l’Oscar des échecs en 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007 et 2008, devenant ainsi le troisième joueur non russe, après le Danois Bent Larsen et l’Américain Bobby Fischer, à remporter cette récompense attribuée par des journalistes.

En 1996, 2000 et 2004, Anand a remporté le tournoi de Dortmund. En 2006, il a remporté le tournoi de Wijk aan Zee pour la cinquième fois, à égalité avec Veselin Topalov avec un score de 9/13. Il est le seul joueur à avoir remporté cette épreuve cinq fois : en 1989 (ex æquo), 1998 (ex æquo), 2003, 2004 et 2006 (ex æquo). Il a également gagné le tournoi de Linares à trois reprises : en 1998, 2007 et 2008. Il remporte également le tournoi annuel Amber de Monaco (parties rapides et parties à l’aveugle) en 1994, 1997, 2003, 2005 et 2006, remportant simultanément les épreuves de parties rapides et de parties à l’aveugle en 1997 et en 2005.

De 1999 à 2002, Anand a disputé plusieurs tournois « Advanced Chess » après que Garry Kasparov a introduit cette forme de jeu en 1998 (les joueurs se servent d’un programme d’échecs exécuté sur un ordinateur pour les aider dans leur réflexion). Il a gagné trois tournois d’« Advanced Chess » consécutifs à León, en 1999, 2000 et 2001 avant de perdre le titre contre Kramnik en 2002.

echecs_anand

Champion du monde d’échecs FIDE (2000-2002)

Anand gagne le championnat du monde FIDE 2000 après avoir battu Alexeï Chirov 3,5 – 0,5 à Téhéran, devenant ainsi le premier Indien à remporter ce titre.

Lors du championnat du monde de 2001-2002, à Moscou, Anand est éliminé en demi-finale par Ivantchouk.

Anand ne participa à aucun des championnats du monde (classique et FIDE) disputés en 2004.

Au championnat du monde FIDE 2005, Anand est dominé par Veselin Topalov et finit 2e-3e ex æquo avec le Russe Peter Svidler.

echecs_simultanee_anand

Champion du monde FIDE d’échecs rapides (2003)

En octobre 2003, la FIDE organisait un tournoi de parties rapides au Cap d’Agde, qu’elle intitula « Championnat du monde de parties rapides ». Chaque joueur disposait d’un temps de réflexion de 25 minutes plus un temps additionnel de 10 secondes par coup. En battant Vladimir Kramnik en finale, Anand remporte celui-ci devant onze des douze meilleurs joueurs du monde (seul Kasparov en était absent).

Champion du monde, titre unifié (depuis 2007)

anand_laurier

En 2007, lors du championnat du monde à Mexico, Anand devient le nouveau champion du monde des échecs (à la suite de Vladimir Kramnik) dans un tournoi réunissant huit des meilleurs joueurs du monde. Il remporte ce tournoi avec 9 points sur 14 (sans aucune défaite).

En 2008, Anand bat en match le challenger officiel Vladimir Kramnik, sur le score de 6,5 à 4,5 soit 3 victoires, 1 défaite et 7 nulles. Sur ce match, excepté la 10e partie où Anand apparaît déconcentré, Anand apparait très bien préparé dans les ouvertures et réussit à imposer son style et amener le très solide et défensif Vladimir Kramnik sur un terrain où il n’est pas à l’aise, c’est-à-dire des positions très tendues, où le jeu combatif d’Anand peut s’exprimer.

En mai 2010, Anand conserve son titre lors du match qui l’oppose à Topalov à Sofia. À 5,5 partout, dans l’ultime partie où Topalov a les blancs, celui-ci commet une faute qui lui coûte le point et le match.

Anand défendra une nouvelle fois son titre en 2012 face au vainqueur du tournoi des candidats.

Meilleurs classements Elo

Le 1er avril 2006, profitant de sa victoire au tournoi de Wijk aan Zee en janvier 2006, Anand franchit la barre des 2 800 au classement Elo pour la première fois avec 2 805 points Elo. Le 1er avri 2007, profitant de sa victoire au tournoi de Morelia-Linarès en mars 2007, il prit la tête du classement mondial pour la première fois dans sa carrière. En octobre 2007, profitant de sa victoire au championnat du monde de Mexico, il franchit la barre des 2 800 au classement Elo pour la seconde fois avec 2 801 points. Il avait déjà atteint un sommet dans sa carrière avec 2795 points Elo en juillet 1998 après ses victoires à Linares et Wijk aan Zee (occupant la seconde place au classement mondial) ; le record était alors de 2800 points atteints par Kasparov. Il avait obtenu 2797 points Elo en juillet 2001 après sa victoire au tournoi de Mérida (Mexique) et sa deuxième place au tournoi de Wijk aan Zee en janvier 2001 derrière Kasparov.

Au 1er mars 2011, il obtient le classement Elo le plus élevé de sa carrière avec 2 817 points et occupe la première place du classement mondial.

Palmarès (parties lentes)

En 1989, Anand remporta son premier grand tournoi adulte à Wijk aan Zee. L’année suivante, lors de l’interzonal de Manille, il se qualifia pour les matchs des candidats au championnat du monde. En 1991, Anand perdit son match de quart de finale des candidats contre Karpov. À la fin de l’année, il remporta le tournoi de Reggio-Emilia 1991-1992 en devançant les meilleurs joueurs mondiaux (Kasparov, Karpov, Guelfand et Ivantchouk).

1992-1998 : vice-champion du monde

En 1997-1998, il remporta les tournois de Dos Hermanas, Bienne, Belgrade, Wijk aan Zee, Linares (devant Kasparov), Madrid et Tilburg et reçut l’ oscar des échecs deux fois de suite, devenant le premier joueur depuis 1985 à devancer Kasparov dans le vote des journalistes.

1999-2006 : champion du monde FIDE

En 1999, Anand reçut l’oscar des échecs pour l’année 1998, après avoir reçu celui pour l’année 1997 : Kasparov n’avait participé qu’à un seul tournoi en 1998, celui de Linares où il fut devançé par Anand.

En 2005, Kasparov remporta le tournoi de Linares devant Topalov, puis se retira de la compétition. Topalov remporta les tournois de Sofia (Mtel) et le championnat du monde FIDE. Anand fut également devancé par Leko au tournoi de Wijk aan Zee. En 2006, Anand remporta le mémorial Tal (tournoi blitz).

Depuis 2007 : champion du monde (titre unifié)

En avril 2007, après sa victoire à Linares, Anand occupa pour la première fois la première place du classement mondial. À la fin de l’année, en octobre, il redevenait champion du monde à Mexico pour la deuxième fois.

anand_ordinateur

Victoires en parties rapides et éclair

En 1992, Anand perdit la finale du tournoi Immopar à Paris contre Kasparov. En 2000, il fut finaliste du tournoi rapide de Kopavogur en Islande : 4 / 5 (+3 =2) et fut battu en finale par Kasparov. En novembre 2003, il termina 2e-3e du tournoi rapide de Benidorm : 6,5 / 9 (+3 =7), remporté par Topalov devant Radjabov.

De 2002 à 2008, Anand remporta sept fois de suite le tournoi de Mayence rapide. En 2002, il termina 9e du Grand prix FIDE à Doubaï : 10 / 14 (+8 -2 =4). En 2003, il remporta le championnat du monde d’échecs rapides au Cap d’Agde.

Des parties remarquables

Viswanathan Anand – Gata Kamsky, Linares, 1994

1. e4 c5 2. Cf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Cxd4 Cf6 5. Cc3 a6 6. Fe3 e5 7. Cb3 Fe6 8. f3 Fe7 9. Dd2 Cbd7 10. g4 h6 12. Tg1 b4 13. Ca4 d5 14. g5 d4 15. Fxd4 Fxb3 16. gxf6 Fxf6 17. axb3 exd4 18. 0-0-0 Ce5 19. f4!! Cf3 20. Dg2 Cxg1 21. e5 0-0 22. Fd3! Fxe5 23. fxe5 Dxh4 24. Txg1 Df4+ 25. Rb1 Dxe5

John Nunn a écrit: « L’évaluation de la position par Anand avant qu’il ne complique la position est remarquable. » 26. Cc5! Ta7 27. Dc6 De3 28. Tg2 Rh8 29. Te2 Dg1+ 30. Ra2 Taa8 31. Cd7 Tac8 32. Df3 f5 33. Cxf8 Tc5 34. Cg6+! Dxg6 35. Te1 Df6 36. Da8+ Rh7 37. Fc4 Tc6 38. Dg8+ Rg6 39. Tg1+ 1-0 (le mat suit rapidement après 39…Rh5 40. Fe2+ Rh4 41. Dd5).

Viswanathan Anand – Joël Lautier, Bienne, 1997

1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Dxd5 3.Cc3 Da5 4.d4 Cf6 5.Cf3 c6 6.Fc4 Ff5 7.Ce5 e6 8.g4 Fg6 9.h4 Cbd7 10.Cxd7 Cxd7 11.h5 Fe4 12.Th3 Fg2 13.Te3 Cb6 14.Fd3 Cd5 15.f3 Fb4 16.Rf2 Fxc3 17.bxc3 Dxc3 18.Tb1 Dxd4 19.Txb7 Td8 20.h6 gxh6 21.Fg6! Ce7 (DxD. 22 Txe6+ suivi de mat) 22.Dxd4 Txd4 23.Td3 Td8 24.Txd8+ Rxd8 25.Fd3 1-0 (le Fg2 est condamné).

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Viswanathan Anand
VishyAnand09.jpg
Full name Viswanathan Anand
Country India
Born 11 December 1969 (age 41)
Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Title Grandmaster (1988)
World Champion 2000–2002 (FIDE)
2007–present (undisputed)
FIDE rating 2817
(No. 1 in the May 2011 FIDE World Rankings)
Peak rating 2817 (May 2011)

Signature of Vishwanathan Anand.svg
Signature of Vishwanathan Anand

Viswanathan Anand, (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess Grandmaster, the current World Chess Champion, and highest rated player in the world.

He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002, at a time when the world title was split. He became the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and defended his title against Vladimir Kramnik in 2008. He then successfully defended his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalov. As the reigning champion, he will face the winner of the Candidates Tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012.

Anand is one of six players in history to break the 2800 mark on the FIDE rating list, and in April 2007 at the age of 37, he became the world number-one for the first time. He was at the top of the world rankings five out of six times, from April 2007 to July 2008, holding the number-one ranking for a total of 15 months. In October 2008, he dropped out of the world top three ranking for the first time since July 1996. Anand officially regained the world number one ranking on November 1, 2010, after having defeated the reigning world #1 Magnus Carlsen in the Bilbao Masters.

Anand became India’s first grandmaster in 1987. [1] He was also the first recipient of the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 1991–92, India’s highest sporting honor. In 2007, he was awarded India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan, making him the first sportsperson to receive the award in Indian history.

Anand has been described by Lubomir Kavalek as the most versatile world champion ever, since Anand is the only player to have won the world chess championships in many formats including Knockout, Tournament, Match, Rapid and Blitz. [2]

Contents

Personal life

Anand was born on 11 December 1969 in Mayiladuthurai, a small town in Tamil Nadu, India in a Tamil Iyer (South Indian Brahmin) family. Shortly thereafter, his family moved to Chennai, erstwhile Madras, where he grew up. His father, Viswanathan Iyer, is a retired General Manager of Southern Railways, and his mother Susheela, housewife and chess/film/club aficionado and an influential socialite. He has an elder brother, Shivakumar who is a manager at Crompton Greaves in India and an elder sister Anuradha who is a teacher at the University of Michigan. Anand is 11 years younger than his sister and 13 years younger than his brother.

He was taught to play chess by his mother. He described his start in chess in a conversation with Susan Polgar:

I started when I was six. My mother taught me how to play. In fact, my mother used to do a lot for my chess. We moved to the Philippines shortly afterward. I joined the club in India and we moved to the Philippines for a year. And there they had a TV program that was on in the afternoon, one to two or something like that, when I was in school. So she would write down all the games that they showed and the puzzles, and in the evening we solved them together.

Of course my mother and her family used to play some chess, and she used to play with her younger brother, so she had some background in chess, but she never went to a club or anything like that.

So we solved all these puzzles and sent in our answers together. And they gave the prize of a book to the winner. And over the course of many months, I won so many prizes. At one point they just said take all the books you want, but don’t send in any more entries.

Anand did his schooling in Don Bosco, Egmore, Chennai and holds a degree in commerce from Loyola College, Chennai. His hobbies are reading, swimming, and listening to music. He is married to Aruna Anand and has a son born on April 9, 2011. [7] Anand’s son is named Akhil and in the south Indian tradition will be called « Anand Akhil » (no surname). The family is now based in Chennai, India.

In August 2010, Anand joined the Board of Directors of Olympic Gold Quest, a foundation for promoting and supporting India’s elite sportspersons and potential young talent. On 24 December 2010 Anand was guest of honor on the grounds of Gujarat university, Ahmedabad, where 20,486 players created a new world record of simultaneous chess play at single venue.

Chess career

Early career

Anand’s rise in the Indian chess world was meteoric. National level success came early for him when he won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship with a score of 9/9 in 1983 at the age of fourteen. He became the youngest Indian to win the title of International Master at the age of fifteen, in 1984. At the age of sixteen he became the national chess champion and won that title two more times. He played games at blitz speed. In 1987, he became the first Indian to win the World Junior Chess Championship. In 1988, at the age of eighteen, he became India’s first Grandmaster by winning Shakti Finance International chess tournament held in Coimbatore, India. He was awarded Padma Shri at the age of 18.

Anand at the Manila Olympiad 1992, age 22

« Vishy », as he is sometimes called by his friends, burst upon the upper echelons of the chess scene in the early 1990s, winning such tournaments as Reggio Emilia 1991 (ahead of Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov). Playing at such a high level did not slow him down, and he continued to play games at blitz speed.

In the World Chess Championship 1993 cycle Anand qualified for his first Candidates Tournament, winning his first match but narrowly losing his quarter-final match to Anatoly Karpov.

In 1994–95 Anand and Gata Kamsky dominated the qualifying cycles for the rival FIDE and PCA world championships. In the FIDE cycle ( FIDE World Chess Championship 1996), Anand lost his quarter-final match to Kamsky after leading early. Kamsky went on to lose the 1996 FIDE championship match against Karpov.

In the 1995 PCA cycle, Anand won matches against Oleg Romanishin and Michael Adams without a loss, then avenged his FIDE loss by defeating Gata Kamsky in the Candidates final. In 1995, he played the PCA World Chess Championship 1995 against Kasparov in New York City’s World Trade Center. After an opening run of eight draws (a record for the opening of a world championship match), Anand won game nine with a powerful exchange sacrifice, but then lost four of the next five. He lost the match 10½–7½.

In the 1998 FIDE cycle, the reigning champion Karpov was granted direct seeding by FIDE into the final against the winner of the seven-round single elimination Candidates tournament. The psychological and physical advantage gained by Karpov from this decision caused significant controversy, leading to the withdrawal of future World Champion Vladimir Kramnik from the candidates tournament. Anand won the candidates tournament, defeating Michael Adams in the final, and immediately faced a well-rested Karpov for the championship. Despite this tremendous disadvantage for Anand, which he described as being « brought in a coffin » to play Karpov, Anand was able to draw the regular match 3-3, forcing a rapid playoff. However, the rapid playoff was won 2-0 by Karpov, allowing him to defend his FIDE championship.

World Chess Champion

FIDE World Chess Champion 2000

After several near misses, Anand won the FIDE World Chess Championship in 2000 for the first time after defeating Alexei Shirov 3½–0½ in the final match held at Tehran, thereby becoming the first Indian to win that title.

He failed to defend the title in 2002, losing in the semifinals to Vassily Ivanchuk. The 2002 FIDE world championship was ultimately won by Ruslan Ponomariov. Anand tied for second with Peter Svidler in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005 with 8½ points out of 14 games, 1½ points behind the winner, Veselin Topalov.

World Chess Champion 2007

In September 2007 Anand became World Champion again by winning that year’s FIDE World Championship Tournament held in Mexico City. He won the double round-robin tournament with a final score of 9 out of 14 points, a full point ahead of joint second place finishers Vladimir Kramnik and Boris Gelfand.

In 2000, when Anand won the FIDE World Championship, there was also the rival « Classical » World Championship, held by Kramnik. By 2007, the world championship had been reunified, so Anand’s victory in Mexico City made him undisputed World Chess Champion. He became the first undisputed champion to win the title in a tournament, rather than in matchplay, since Mikhail Botvinnik in 1948.

In October 2007, Anand said he liked the double round robin championship format (as used in the 2007 championship in Mexico City), and that the right of Kramnik to automatically challenge for the title was « ridiculous ».

World Chess Champion 2008

Anand convincingly defended the title against Kramnik in the World Chess Championship 2008 held between 14–29 October in Bonn, Germany. The winner was to be the first to score 6½ points in the twelve-game match. Anand won by scoring 6½ points in 11 games, having won three of the first six games (two with the black pieces). After the tenth game, Anand led 6–4 and needed only a draw in either of the last two games to win the match. In the eleventh game, Kramnik played the Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defense. Once the players traded queens, Kramnik offered a draw after 24 moves since he had no winning chances in the endgame.

Final Game
Anand,V (2783) – Kramnik,V (2772)

WCh Bonn GER (11), 29.10.2008

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qc7 8.Bxf6 gxf6 9.f5 Qc5 10.Qd3 Nc6 11.Nb3 Qe5 12.0–0–0 exf5 13.Qe3 Bg7 14.Rd5 Qe7 15.Qg3 Rg8 16.Qf4 fxe4 17.Nxe4 f5 18.Nxd6+ Kf8 19.Nxc8 Rxc8 20.Kb1 Qe1+ 21.Nc1 Ne7 22.Qd2 Qxd2 23.Rxd2 Bh6 24.Rf2 Be3 ½–½ [22]

On his winning the championship his mother—and his first coach—said « To me, it was like the first chess match he won in a school tournament. It’s just the same, only the degree has changed. »

Responding to Anand’s win, Garry Kasparov said « A great result for Anand and for chess. Vishy deserved the win in every way and I’m very happy for him. It will not be easy for the younger generation to push him aside… Anand out-prepared Kramnik completely. In this way it reminded me of my match with Kramnik in London 2000. Like I was then, Kramnik may have been very well prepared for this match, but we never saw it. » In 2010 Anand donated his gold medal to the charitable organisation « The Foundation » to be auctioned off for the benefit of underprivileged children.

World Chess Champion 2010

Prior to the World Chess Championship 2010, Anand, who had booked on the flight Frankfurt-Sofia on April 16, was stranded due to the cancellation of all flights following the volcano ash cloud from Eyjafjallajökull. Anand asked for a three day postponement, which the Bulgarian organisers refused on April 19. Anand eventually reached Sofia on April 20, after an exhausting 40-hour road journey. Consequently, the first game was delayed by one day.

The match consisted of 12 games. After 11 games the score was tied at 5½-5½. Anand won game 12 on the Black side of a Queen’s Gambit Declined to win the match and retain the World Championship. In game 12, after Topalov’s dubious 31st and 32nd moves, Anand was able to achieve a strong attack against Topalov’s relatively exposed king. Topalov subsequently resigned.

World Chess Championship 2012

As a result of Anand’s victory in the World Chess Championship 2010, he will defend his title in the World Chess Championship 2012; the location of the event is presently unknown. His opponent will be the winner of the Candidates Matches to be played in 2011.

FIDE World Rapid Chess Champion 2003

In October 2003, the governing body of chess, FIDE, organized a rapid time control tournament in Cap d’Agde [28] [29] and billed it as the World Rapid Chess Championship. Each player had 25 minutes at the start of the game, with an additional ten seconds after each move. Anand won this event ahead of ten of the other top twelve players in the world, beating Kramnik in the final. His main recent titles in this category are at: Corsica (six years in a row from 1999 through 2005), Chess Classic (nine years in a row from 2000 through 2008), Leon 2005, Eurotel 2002, Fujitsu Giants 2002 and the Melody Amber (five times, and he won the rapid portion of Melody Amber seven times). In the Melody Amber 2007, Anand did not lose a single game in the rapid section, and scored 8½ /11, two more than the runners-up, for a performance in the rapid section of 2939. In most tournament time control games that Anand plays, he has more time left than his opponent at the end of the game. He lost on time in one game, to Gata Kamsky. Otherwise, he took advantage of the rule allowing players in time trouble to use dashes instead of the move notation during the last four minutes only once, in the game Anand versus Svidler at the MTel Masters 2006.

Other results

Anand won three consecutive Advanced Chess tournaments in Leon, Spain, after Garry Kasparov introduced this form of chess in 1998, and is widely recognized as the world’s best Advanced Chess player, where humans may consult a computer to aid in their calculation of variations.

Anand has won the Chess Oscar in 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2008. The Chess Oscar is awarded to the year’s best player according to a worldwide poll of leading chess critics, writers, and journalists conducted by the Russian chess magazine 64.

His game collection, My Best Games of Chess, was published in the year 1998 and was updated in 2001.

Anand’s recent tournament successes include the Corus chess tournament in 2006 (tied with Veselin Topalov), Dortmund in 2004, and Linares in 2007 and 2008. He has won the annual event Monaco Amber Blindfold and Rapid Chess Championships in years 1994, 1997, 2003, 2005 and 2006. He is the only player to have won five titles of the Corus chess tournament. He is also the only player to win the blind and rapid sections of the Amber tournament in the same year (twice: in 1997 and 2005). He is the first player to have achieved victories in each of the three big chess supertournaments: Corus (1989, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2006), Linares (1998, 2007, 2008), Dortmund (1996, 2000, 2004).

In 2007 he won the Grenkeleasing Rapid championship, which he won for the tenth time defeating Armenian GM Levon Aronian. Incidentally, just a few days before Aronian had defeated Anand in the Chess960 final.

In March 2007, Anand won the Linares chess tournament and it was widely believed that he would be ranked world No.1 in the FIDE Elo rating list for April 2007. However, Anand was placed No.2 in the initial list released because the Linares result was not included. FIDE subsequently announced that the Linares results would be included after all, [32] making Anand number one in the April 2007 list. [33]

Anand won the Mainz 2008 Supertournament Championship by defeating rising star Magnus Carlsen, earning his eleventh title in that event.

Rating

In the April 2007 FIDE Elo rating list, Anand was ranked first in the world for the first time, and (as of July 2008) he held the number one spot in all ratings lists but one since then until July 2008, the exception being the January 2008 list, where he was rated #2 behind Vladimir Kramnik (equal rating, but Kramnik held the #1 spot due to more games played). He dropped to #5 in the October 2008 list, the first time he had been outside the top 3 since July 1996.

In 2010, Anand announced that he would expand his tournament schedule, beginning in late 2010, in an effort to regain the world number-one ranking from Magnus Carlsen. He achieved that goal on November 1, 2010 list with a rating of 2804, two points ahead of Magnus Carlsen.

Personality

Anand has been viewed as an unassuming, benevolent person with a reputation of refraining from political and psychological ploys as much as possible in order to focus solely on the chessboard. This has made him a well-liked figure throughout the chess world for two decades, evidenced by the fact that Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik and Magnus Carlsen, all rivals for the World Championship throughout Anand’s career, each aided him in preparing for the World Chess Championship 2010. Anand is sometimes known as the « Tiger of Madras ». Anand was the only sportsperson to have been invited for the very exclusive dinner that Indian PM Dr Manmohan Singh hosted for US President Barack Obama on November 7.

Anand was denied an honorary doctorate from University of Hyderabad because of confusion over his citizenship status, however later Kapil Sibal, Minister of Human Resource Development apologised and said « There is no issue on the matter as Anand has agreed to accept the degree at a convenient time depending on his availability ». According to edit] Notable tournament victories

  • 1986 Arab-Asian International Chess Championship 1st
  • 1987 Sakthi Finance Grandmasters Chess Tournament 1st
  • 1988 51st Hoogovens Chess Tournament, Wijk aan Zee 1st
  • 1989 2nd Asian Active Chess Championship, Hong Kong 1st
  • 1990 Asian Zonal Championship Gold Medal
  • 1990 Manchester Chess Festival, Manchester 1st
  • 1990 Triveni Super Grandmasters Tournament, Delhi Joint 1st
  • 1991 World Chess Championship, Brussels Quarter Finalist
  • 1992 Reggio Emilia Chess Tournament, Reggio Emilia 1st
  • 1992 Goodrich Open International Tournament, Calcutta 1st
  • 1992 Linares match Anand vs Vassily Ivanchuk 5:3
  • 1992 Alekhine Memorial, Moscow
  • 1993 PCA Interzonal, Groningen 1st
  • 1994 Melody Amber Tournament, Monaco 1st
  • 1994 World Championship Candidates Cycle, Linares
  • 1994 PCA Grand Prix, Moscow 1st
  • 1995 PCA Candidates Final, Las Palmas
  • 1996 Dortmunder Schachtage, Dortmund (Joint 1st with Kramnik)
  • 1996 Credit Swiss Rapid Chess Grand Prix, Geneva 1st
  • 1996 Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon
  • 1997 Torneo de Ajedrex, Dos Hermanes 1st.
  • 1997 Melody Amber Tournament, Monaco 1st
  • 1997 Aegon Man vs Computers chess event won 4:2
  • 1997 Chess Classic Rapid Tournament, Frankfurt
  • 1997 Invesbanka Chess tournament, Belgrade 1st
  • 1997 Credit Suisse Classic Tournament, Biel 1st
  • 1997 Knock-Out Championship, Groningen
  • 1998 FIDE World Chess Championship Finalist
  • 1998 60th Hoogoven’s Schaak Tornoi, Wijk aan Zee 1st
  • 1998 Torneo International De Ajedrez, Linares 1st
  • 1998 Torneo Magitral Communidad De Madrid, Madrid 1st
  • 1998 Siemens Nixdorf Duell (Rapid), Frankfurt 1st
  • 1998 Fontys-Tilburg International Chess Tournament 1st
  • 1999 Wydra Memorial Chess (Rapid), Haifa 1st
  • 1999 Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon beat Karpov 5:1
  • 2000 Wydra International Tournament (Rapid), Haifa 1st
  • 2000 Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon beat Shirov 1½:½
  • 2000 Fujitsu Siemens Giants Chess (Rapid), Frankfurt 1st
  • 2000 Corsica Masters (Rapid), Corsica 1st
  • 2003 65th Corus Chess Tournament, Wijk aan Zee 1st
  • 2004 66th Corus Chess Tournament, Wijk aan Zee 1st
  • 2006 68th Corus Chess Tournament, Wijk aan Zee (Joint 1st with Topalov)
  • 2007 Linares Chess Tournament, Linares 1st
  • 2007 FIDE World Championship Tournament, Mexico City 1st
  • 2008 Linares Chess Tournament, Linares 1st

Awards

Anand has received many national and international awards.

  • Arjuna award for Outstanding Indian Sportsman in Chess in 1985
  • Padma Shri, National Citizens Award and Soviet Land Nehru Award in 1987
  • The inaugural Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, India’s highest sporting honour in the year 1991–1992.
  • British Chess Federation ‘Book of the Year’ Award in 1998 for his book My Best Games of Chess
  • Padma Bhushan in 2000
  • Jameo de Oro the highest honour given by the Government of Lanzarote in Spain on 25 April 2001. The award is given to illustrious personalities with extraordinary achievements.
  • Chess Oscar (1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007, and 2008)
  • Sportstar Millennium Award in 1998, from India’s premier Sports magazine for being the sportperson of the millennium
  • Padma Vibhushan in 2007
  • ‘Global Strategist Award’ for Mastering many formats of World Chess Championships by NASSCOM in 2011.

Sample game

On his way to winning the FIDE World Chess Championship in 2000, Anand (White) defeated Grandmaster Viktor Bologan (Black). Here are the moves :

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 O-O 9. h3 Nb8 10. d4 Nbd7 11. Nbd2 Bb7 12. Bc2 Re8 13. Nf1 Bf8 14. Ng3 c5 15. d5 c4 16. Bg5 Qc7 17. Nf5 Kh8 18. g4 Ng8 19. Qd2 Nc5 20. Be3 Bc8 21. Ng3 Rb8 22. Kg2 a5 23. a3 Ne7 24. Rh1 Ng6 25. g5! b4!? Anand has an excellent kingside attack, so Bologan seeks counterplay with the sacrifice of a pawn. 26. axb4 axb4 27. cxb4 Na6 28. Ra4 Nf4+ 29. Bxf4 exf4 30. Nh5 Qb6 31. Qxf4 Nxb4 32. Bb1 Rb7 33. Ra3 Rc7 34. Rd1 Na6 35. Nd4 Qxb2 36. Rg3 c3 (see diagram) 37. Nf6!! Re5 If 37…gxf6, 38. gxf6 h6 39. Rg1! Qd2! 40. Qh4 leaves white with an irresistible initiative. 38. g6! fxg6 39. Nd7 Be7 40. Nxe5 dxe5 41. Qf7 h6 42. Qe8+ 1–0 [46] (White forces mate in 12 moves if the game were to continue with 42… Bf8 43. Rf3 Qa3 44. Rxf8+ Qxf8 45. Qxf8+ Kh7 46. d6 exd4 47. Ba2 h5 48. dxc7 Nb4 49. Qg8+ Kh6 50. f4 g5 51. f5 g4 52. h4 Bxf5 53. exf5 Nxa2 54. Qh8#)

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