(Hair, blubber, and flippers all keep animals warm in icy water.)3. DOC is interested in sightings of New Zealand sea lions, and any tagged New Zealand fur seals. Seals have spotted coats in a variety of shades from white or silver-gray to black or dark brown, while sea lions are brown — their color ranges from chocolate brown in males to a lighter, golden brown in females. Seals vs Sea Lions. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact email@example.com for more information and to obtain a license. Start learning with a free trial at https://skl.sh/tierzoo7 Check out Mike's video here! Let’s sort out the taxonomy first. Seals, on the other hand, build speed with their rear flippers and by moving their lower body side-to-side in a sculling motion. When in doubt, here’s an easy guide to tell California sea lions apart from harbor seals: California Sea Lions. Tell students that the science of classifying organisms into different groups is taxonomy. Some of the worlds are: Planet Earth, Under The Sea, Inventions, Seasons, Circus, Transports and Culinary Arts. Though their bodies can appear chubby, seals are generally smaller and more aquadynamic than sea lions. Depending on the species, you can find rafts of sea lions basking in the sun in small groups or large groups numbering in the thousands. Seals have small flippers, wriggle on their bellies on land, and lack visible ear flaps. Also, sea lions are just plain noisy, whereas seals are a bit quieter. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. Seals lack an external ear flap whereas sea lions have an external ear flap that is visible. Seals and sea lions might look similar, but there are key differences between the two species. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. This activity targets the following skills: The resources are also available at the top of the page. Sea otters are smaller than seals and sea lions, have stubby front paws and rest by floating on their back. They can’t “walk” on land the way a sea lion can. Have students make predictions.Explain to students that seals' rear flippers extend backward; sea lions' rear flippers extend forward. The seals are classified as earless pennipeds while the sea lions are classified as eared pennipeds. It's a perfectly understandable confusion; these two animals are very similar in a lot of ways. Watch the video to find out which species is the fastest, which is the noisiest, and more. The breakdown of these families looks something like this: Finally, seals are less social than their sea-lion cousins. If you're not a marine scientist or even an aficionado, there's not a whole lot of reason or opportunity to learn what the differences are between a seal and a sea lion. Seals are smaller than sea lions; male Stellar sea lions can grow to be up to 2,200 pounds. But seals' furry, generally stubby front feet — thinly webbed flippers, actually, with a claw on each small toe — seem petite in comparison to the mostly skin-covered, elongated fore flippers that sea lions possess. Seals, like the gray seal and harbor seal, typically have shorter flippers than their sea lion cousins. Seals and sea lions are both mammals. Seals, Sea-Lions & Dugongs; Seals, Sea-Lions & Dugongs. Sea lions regularly gather in groups, which are called rafts (when in water) or colonies (when on land). Instead they flop along on their bellies. Kristen Dell, National Geographic Society, Sheryl Hasegawa, National Geographic Society Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Have students use the National Geographic Animals site to research what California sea lions eat, where they find food, and how they eat it. All rights reserved. Sea lions, on the other hand, look much more adept out of the water. Seal vs sea Lion vs Walrus vs Otter difference & comparison. Seals vs. sea lions is a difficult topic to grasp, but this article aims to clearly illuminate the difference between these two aquatic beasts. Tell them they can confirm or revise their predictions as they watch a video.5. Firstly, seals and sea lions have completely different ears. Generally more social, living in larger groups; Vocal and noisy; Paddlelike hind flippers can be rotated forward to move across land more easily; Earflaps; Harbor Seals. This makes them fast in the water but basic belly crawlers on terra firma. Code of Ethics. At the same time, their hind flippers angle backward and don't rotate. They are warm-blooded marine mammals that could live both in water and on land. a modification of an organism or its parts that makes it more fit for existence. (Possible answers: Seals do not have ear openings; sea lions do. 4. The "earless" or "true" seals lack external ears altogether. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Sea lions congregate in gregarious groups called herds or rafts that can reach upwards of 1,500 individuals. Sea lions, by contrast, are easily spotted on beaches and piers throughout the islands. Exactly how fast can seals and sea lions swim? When they are wet, fur seals look black, while the sea lions look brown. They use their flippers like feet and are able to comfortably walk on land. Since they often hang out together, once you know what you’re looking for, it’s easy to distinguish between the two. At the same time, their hind flippers angle backward and don't rotate. Have students compare the two drawings and list at least two features that seals and sea lions share. Sea lions (left) are brown, bark loudly, "walk" on land using their large flippers and have visible ear flaps. CodyCross is a famous newly released game which is developed by Fanatee. Introduce the concept of classification.Discuss why scientists classify animals into different groups. Sea lions, on the other hand, are able to "walk" on land by rotating their hind flippers forward and underneath their big bodies. Find out Seals and sea lions Answers. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Seals vs. Sea Lions I hear this one all the time. Seals also are suited to spend more time in the water than sea lions, which can "walk" on shore with their large flippers and spend time in large social groups. This makes them fast in the water but basic belly crawlers on terra firma. But seals and sea lions belong to different families. Seals don't have ears on the outside of their heads, which are sleek and smooth, with small ear holes. This lists the logos of programs or partners of, National Geographic Animals: California Sea Lion, explain why scientists classify animals into different groups, identify the similarities and differences between seals and sea lions, describe how the similarities help the animals to swim in cold water, Tech Setup: 1 computer per classroom, Projector, Speakers. Copied. The main difference between the two is that fur seals have a thicker coat that includes an undercoat. Ask students to predict which of these marine mammals could move most easily on land (sea lions). Gray seals clock in at about 14-23 mph. This causes differences between the two in locomotion when on land: seals move forward by caterpillar-like hitching movements; sea lions use their hind legs to walk or even gallop across land. The only thing to tell them apart is, the fur seal has a comparatively shorter face and softer fur; and male sea lions have mane hair on their necks, like the real lions in Africa. An adaptation is passed from generation to generation. Secondly, sea lions have small flaps for outer ears. Privacy Notice | Dr. Mike Heithaus and others try to tranquillize a lion. The awkward movement on land is in sharp contrast to their excellent adaptation underwater. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. May congregate in larger groups than true seals. Harbor seals . Author: NOAA This is why they are more likely to be employed in aquaria and marine shows. In addition, seals use front flippers to move on land and hind flippers for swimming. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Watch and discuss the video.Show students the video of leopard seals. Ask them how they would explain how to tell seals and sea lions apart to someone who has never seen either. Seals and sea lions are actually called fin-footed animals or pinnipedia. The northern fur seals at the Aquarium generally have a darker color to their fur than the sea lions. Distribute the worksheet and have students identify similarities.Give each student a copy of the worksheet Seals and Sea Lions: Compare and Contrast. The "seals" you may see performing at marine parks are often sea lions. Seals also use their back and front flippers differently from sea lions while swimming. Seals have shorter front flippers; sea lions have longer front flippers.) Have students identify differences.Have students find at least two features that differ in seals and sea lions. Seals and sea lions have many similarities, and are in the same family of Pinnipeds, but they lead very different lives. animal with hair that gives birth to live offspring. By comparison, seals spend more time in the water and are less likely to be found in groups. Ask students to think of an example of two animals that look similar but belong to different families. Taxonomic discussions tend to be a bit muddled as scientists strive to classify all the different species on the planet. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Seals and sea lions share adaptations for living in the sea—including blubber, flippers, and streamlined bodies. Discuss how this movement relates to the animals' vulnerability to predators like polar bears and sharks. Seals use their front flippers to steer, and their back flippers for power. In this article, we consider them as true seals, which belong to family Phocidae. Seals evolved from two distinct groups of land mammals and are consequently categorised into ‘eared’ seals and true seals. Have students write a paragraph summarizing the information they find. National Geographic Headquarters All seals, whales and dolphins are protected under the Marine Mammals Protection Act 1978. Sea lions have larger front flippers, longer and mostly covered in skin. The first difference between the seals and sea lions that we will discuss is the shape of their bodies and front fore flippers. The category which it belongs to contains other three groups which are eared seals (sea lions and fur seals), true or earless seals (common seals) and walrus.\ There is a theory that says that seals have evolved from land-based ancestors such as bears or otters. 1145 17th Street NW She or he will best know the preferred format. Seals. Female mammals produce milk to feed their offspring. Ears. San Diego is home to both the California Sea Lion and the Harbor Seal. The Sea Lon is an extended Pinniped with some new organs grown outwards. 1. “Seals” is actually a generalized name for all pinnipeds. Seals were tagged as earless since they do not have ear flaps. This curated collection for learners in grades 3-5 can be implemented at home with minimal supplies and includes engaging, fun, and skill-building lessons in social studies, geography, science, and more. True seals mainly differ from sea lions and fur seals due to the lack of external ears. They return to land to give birth and nurse their young. Sea lions can be easily identified most of the time by their external ear flaps (seen in the photo above). In Chinese, the fur seal is called "sea dog". Seals have furry front flippers, with a claw on each small toe. How to cite this article, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Pinnipeds: Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses. But seals and sea lions are in different taxonomical families owing to some key anatomical differences. Being at home is a great time to learn. Usually more solitary; Tends to be more quiet and shy Pinnipeds are a widely distributed and diverse group of fin-footed semiaquatic marine mammals. Both types of seals, sea lions and walruses are all considered to be in the suborder Pinnipedia, which is usually translated as \"fin-footed\" or \"feather-footed.\" Pinnipeds (within the order Carnivora) consist of three families. Taxonomy enables scientists to make sense of the millions of kinds of living things and see how they are related. Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. Although they feed in the sea, they surface for air. Sustainability Policy | Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Last updated: 11/13/19 They spend more time in the water than sea lions do and often lead solitary lives in the wild, coming ashore together only once a year to meet and mate. Each world has more than 20 groups with 5 puzzles each. This is why they are more … Third, sea lions are noisy. Then ask them to compare how each animal uses its flippers on land and in water. Discuss how these features relate to swimming in cold water. Most seals don’t have an external flap at all, but a small ear hole instead. The California Sea Lion as pictured […] Students use observation skills to determine taxonomic differences between seals and sea lions. Sea lions and fur seals (members of the eared seal family) have visible ear flaps, while true seals only have ear holes. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. The most notable anatomical differences are the ears and the flippers. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Terms of Service | Sea lions also have a more rounded snout whereas the fur seal has a more pointed nose. Otariids can be broken up further into sea lions and fur seals. This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. Sea Lions vs. Below are some key characteristics of San Diego’s sea lions vs. seals, in order of what’s easiest to spot first: Sea Lions Show them the photo gallery of harbor seals, leopard seals, and California sea lions.2. In the La Jolla area, the harbor seals live at Casa Beach, while the sea lions live about a … Seals are quieter, vocalizing via soft grunts. You have to get very close to see the tiny holes on the sides of a seal’s sleek head. Kim Hulse, National Geographic Society These small, plump seals have spotted gray to black coats. Program. Seals are carnivorous mammals and are related to dogs, cats, foxes and bears. You can also report sightings of any other seal species spotted in … Fur seals are actually eared seals, which belong to family Otariidae. Try differentiating seals from sea lions. When sea lions swim, they propel themselves through the water using their front flippers. The sea lion has a … Christina Riska Simmons, Mary C. Cahill, Middle School Science Coordinator, The Potomac School, McLean, VA, Special thanks to the National Geographic Museum, adapted from National Geographic “Crittercam Educator Activities”. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Fourth, while both species spend time both in and out of the water, seals are better adapted to live in the water than on land. Pinnipeds are further distributed into the Odobenidae family, which is the walrus; the Otariidae family, which includes eared seals, sea lions, and fur seals; and the Phocidae family, which is the earless seals. You cannot download interactives. When dry, the fur seals lounging on the deck at the marine mammal center look more brown, and their sea lion neighbors will look a golden brown or blonde color. When discussing the difference between the seal vs. sea lion we can find five main differences that have to do with their anatomy and character traits. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Sea lions are much more vocal than true … In seals, the hind flippers extend directly behind the body, and are not capable of rotation unlike the hind flippers of sea lions that are longer and may be rotated toward the front of the body. Have you ever wondered about the main differences between seals and their "second cousins," the sea lions? Both seals and sea lions, together with the walrus, are pinnipeds, which means "fin footed" in Latin. Harbor seals are torpedo-shaped and have short flippers. It's common for scores of them to haul out together and loll about in the sand, comprising an amorphous pile in the noonday sun. Sea lions, on the other hand, are able to "walk" on land by rotating their hind flippers forward and underneath their big bodies. To conclude, the article provides a comparison of the seal, sea lion, walrus, and otter with their qualities and the differences they hold from each other. Sea lions can reach speeds of 25-30 mph! Quiet and shy, harbor seals can be seen year-round resting on rocks just offshore. By An Qi Share . It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. In addition, sea lions have a loud bark and walk on their large rear flippers versus seals more wriggle on their belly and have smaller rear flippers. Though their bodies can appear chubby, seals are generally smaller and more aquadynamic than sea lions. Seals have 33 kinds of species. 3. 1. Sea lions have small ear flaps. But … Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Seals have little holes on their head, and lacks a pinnae.