Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. AWARD + HARDY + LOW MAINTENANCE + DAMP SITE **FREE UK MAINLAND DELIVERY + FREE 100% TREE WARRANTY** Nyssa sylvatica var. Other names. 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Fruit ripens ripens in late September as leaves are changing color. Wood is used for crates, broom handles and floors. Botanical Name Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Polygamodiœcious, yellowish green, borne on slender downy peduncles. There is one large seed in the fruit so the fruits aren’t as fleshy as they look. There is one somewhat unique ID feature which is that the mid-height and lower branches grow out of the tree at almost 90 degrees then slope down unlike most trees where they are angled up. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated ... Nyssa sylvatica var. Nyssa sylvatica is an important food source for many migrating birds in the fall [autumn]. , Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. 00. Companion plants: Genus. Afterburner ® tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica 'David Odum'): This cultivar grows 35 feet high and 20 feet wide. Slow growing medium to large sized tree of broadly columnar outline. Needs sheltered site. Disease resistance. Stock. Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.. Nyssa sylvatica. Short description Black Gum or Sour Gum. Sour Gum has the most unbelievable glossy orange to red fall color. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long.  When found on drier upper slopes and ridges, it is seldom of log size or quality.. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. Fruit type (general) the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated Twig winter color. Deciduous. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. NYSSA sylvatica. Fruit ripens ripens in late September as leaves are changing color. Hardiness Zones: 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b Quick Overview: Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous native tree. Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Nyssa sylvatica - Fruit. This eventually produces a broad, ovoid, almost round crown. The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Black Gum is easily grown in medium to wet soils and can tolerate poorly drained soils and standing water. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica - Habit, Fall Interest. Recommended Uses: Grows naturally in swamps and best planted in moist areas.  Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica. Nymph of the Forest - lovely. Sourgum « Previous Plant | Next Plant » Also called Black-gum / Black Tupelo/ Pepperridge « PREV Image 1 of 2 NEXT » Nyssa sylvatica - Sourgum. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. Nyssa sylvatica: Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum: Light and Soil Requirement: Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. It has an intricately contorted and twisted grain. biflora. Wood: Pale yellow, sapwood white; heavy, strong, very tough, hard to split, not durable in contact with the soil. , While these trees are often known as simply "tupelo", the fuller name, black tupelo, helps distinguish it from the other species of the tupelo genus Nyssa, some of which have overlapping ranges, such as water tupelo (N. aquatica) and swamp tupelo (N. biflora). Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years. Stamens: Five to twelve. In autumn they turn bright scarlet, or yellow and scarlet. The foliage turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. A genus of about ten species in eastern N. America, N. Mexico, the Himalaya, and western Malaysia, of which only N. sylvatica is commonly grown in the British Isles. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Very symmetrical shape (upright pyramidal to oval); excellent red fall color. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Blackgum1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Sourgum is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk (Fig. It has a swollen base, large hanging fruit, and brittle twigs that distinguish it from the Blackgum. Nyssa sylvatica Figure 1. The broad, pyramidal crown is formed by branches that later hang straight down. 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The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. Nyssa sylvatica grows to 20–25 metres (66–82 ft) tall, rarely to 35 metres (115 ft), with a trunk diameter of 50–100 centimetres (20–39 in), rarely up to 170 centimetres (67 in). Title: Nyssa sylvatica (Tupelo or the Black Gum Tree) - Fact Sheet Author: Deepdale Trees Ltd Subject: Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Nyssa sylvatica - Leaves, Petioles. Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. and fruit. Nyssa sylvatica - Habit. Nyssa Nyssa. Black Gum, Nyssa sylvatica, can be found in woods, and occasionally in the landscape. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. Full sun to part shade. There is very little research done on the health benefits of Tupelo fruits. The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow, all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. Whenever I see a large tree that has single lobed leaves I usually say “what is that?” and it reminds me that that’s what I usually say when I see a black tupelo. This time of year, its puts on a fabulous display of fall color and fruit. Your email address will not be published. These trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches. Nyssa sylvatica var. Form: Tree: Life Span: Long-lived perennial: Flower Color: NA: Fruit Color: NA: Phenology: Deciduous: Noted for: Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance: Landscaping. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. Lemongrass: When life gives you lemongrass make tea! The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Branchlets at first pale green to orange, sometimes smooth, often downy, later dark brown. Nyssa sylvatica is a splendid shade tree with a pyramidal habit and famous vibrant autumn color. Similar varieties worth checking out . Nyssa sylvatica var. The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Eastern North America. Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 5a Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to neutral soil (pH 5.0 to 7.4) Salt Tolerance: Tolerates salty soil Moisture Tolerance: Occasionally saturated or very wet soil; Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil See graphic below It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Full Details> Nyssa. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. Flowers small, unisexual, both sexes often occurring on the same tree. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. One of the most attractive native trees around. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three. The limbs of these trees often deteriorate early, and the decayed holes make excellent dens for squirrels, raccoons, Virginia opossums, as well as nesting sites for honeybees. Black Gum, also known as Sour Gum, is a native pyramidal shade tree with glossy dark green foliage that turns shades of … Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. , Nyssa sylvatica is a major source of wild honey in many areas within its range. Fruit Amelanchier Apple Blackberry Blackcurrant Blueberry Cherry Cornus Damson Fig Gooseberry Grape Vine Hazelnut Kiwi ... Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada.